E Locus (Extension) – Dog Coat Color

41.90 € inc. Vat

Gene: MC1R
Allelic series (mutation) Em (point mutation) > E (wild type) > e (point mutation)
Breeds: All breeds

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Name or unique identification of your animal microchip number, tattoo number, etc

SKU: CT004 Categories: , Tag:

Product Description

E locus (Extension)

E locus (extension) is also known as the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R). MC1R was the first gene studied using molecular approaches in dogs. The E locus has three known alleles in dogs: Em > E > e. The wild-type allele, E, encodes a functional MC1R that allows for expression of the Agouti and K locus alleles. Coat color phenotypes which show a mixture of pheomelanin and eumelanin in different regions of the body are generally caused by regional expression of Agouti or genetically unstable MC1R alleles associated with somatic mosaicism. Black mask is a characteristic pattern in which red, yellow, tan, fawn, or brindle dogs exhibit a melanistic muzzle which may extend up onto the ears. Melanistic mask is inherited in several breeds as an autosomal dominant trait, and appears to be a fixed trait in a few breeds of dogs.


Newton, J.M., Wilkie, A.L., He, L., Jordan, S.A., Metallinos, D.L., Holmes, N.G., Jackson, I.J., and Barsh, G.S. (2000). Melanocortin 1 receptor variation in the domestic dog. Mamm. Genome 11, 24–30.

Schmutz, S.M., and Berryere, T.G. (2007). Genes affecting coat colour and pattern in domestic dogs: a review. Anim. Genet. 38, 539–549.

Schmutz, S.M., Berryere, T.G., Ellinwood, N.M., Kerns, J.A., and Barsh, G.S. (2003). MC1R Studies in Dogs With Melanistic Mask or Brindle Patterns. J Hered 94, 69–73.